What is law?
We always have heard the word law, its almost everywhere, in fact, the law defines everything, wrong and right. But we have never heard of the literal meaning of the word. Criminals are punished according to the law, business agreements are made according to the law, and if anything goes wrong they appear in the court of law. Finally, what exactly does the word ‘law’ mean?
Law is basically a system of rules and regulations enforced on people by the government or by social institutions.
By and large, it regulates the behaviour of people.
1. Ensures social responsibility and morality of people.
2. Ensures that people adhere to it; whoever doesn’t get punished according to the law made
Of course, these laws are made in order to deal with crime, business agreements, and social relationships. The law shapes economics, politics, history and society in various ways and serves as a mediator between people, and resolves their conflicts. Private individuals can make contracts which are legally binding, if something does not go according to the contract, they are eligible to appear in the court of law, in front of the guardians of the law.
The Dictionary of the History of Ideas published by Scribner’s in 1973 defined the concept of law accordingly as: “A legal system is the most explicit, institutionalized, and complex mode of regulating human conduct. At the same time, it plays only one part in the congeries of rules which influence behaviour, for social and moral rules of a less institutionalized kind, are also of great importance.”
But there have been several attempts to give a universal definition or meaning of the law, but as the area changes the meaning of the word changes to. So it was derived that there is no actual need to define the word ‘law’.
First Police ensures that laws are maintained and are not broken. Second, Lawyers ensure that whoever breaks these laws gets punished. Third, judges ensure that the guilty is rightfully punished.
Who is a Lawyer?
A lawyer is a person who is the most simple words practice law. There are so many roles that a lawyer plays in the society, they give legal advice to people, save innocents from serving sentence they didn’t deserve to, and represents other legal matters.
A lawyer has two main duties: to uphold the law while also protecting a client’s rights. Lawyers spend most of their time not in courts but in their offices researching and reading about legal matters researching legal developments, investigating facts, writing and preparing legal documents, giving advice, and settling disputes. So, when they are in court and in action, they can prove everything they say.
8 National Level Law Entrance Exams
1. CLAT(Common Law Admission Test)
If you are still a school student (studying in class 11 or 12), you can take the Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) and do a 5-year B.A LL.B course from one of the 16 National Law Universities (NLUs). But some NLU’s are struggling to get a good faculty and well, placements there are literally non-existent. In other words, to be in the best college, you need to compete with the best students and prepare your best. If you are already a graduate, you can do a 3-year law course. Moreover, students take CLAT for granted. They think that
Delhi University’s Faculty of Law has the best 3-year law course in India and conducts its own entrance exams for the same.
Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is conducted on a rotational basis by National Law Universities (NLUs) in India. Students need to clear the CLAT exam to get admission into BA LLB (Hons), BSc LLB (Hons), BBA LLB (Hons), BSW LLB (Hons), BCom LLB (Hons) and LLM programmes that the NLU’s offer.
Every year, a huge number of students apply for CLAT UG and PG exams, but as the number of colleges is limited only some students are selected. Earlier, there were an age limit criteria for the CLAT exams, but now Supreme Court has directed BCI to remove the age limit criteria.
National Law Universities and their intake
NATIONAL LAW UNIVERSITY LOCATION INTAKE
1. National Law School of India University Bangalore 80
2. NALSAR University of Law Hyderabad 120
3. National Law Institute University Bhopal 128
4. WB National University of Juridical Sciences Kolkata 133
5. National Law University Jodhpur 115
6. Hidayatullah National Law University Raipur 187
7. Gujarat National Law University Gandhinagar 187
8. Ram Manohar Lohia National Law University Lucknow 178
9. Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law Patiala 96
10. Chanakya National Law University Patna 140
11. National University of Advanced Legal Studies Kochi 68
12. National Law University Odisha Cuttack 180
13. National Univ. of Study and Research in Law Ranchi 120
14. National Law Univ. and Judicial Academy Guwahati 60
15. DamodaramSanjivayya National Law Univ. Vishakhapatnam 120
16. Tamil Nadu National Law School Tiruchirappalli 110
17. Maharashtra National Law University Mumbai 60
18. Maharashtra National Law University Nagpur 60
19. Himachal Pradesh National Law University Shimla 60
SYLLABUS FOR CLAT
1. Comprehensive English:
in this section, candidates’ English proficiency, based on passages and grammar. This includes editing, omission filling the blanks, and comprehensive passages.
2. General knowledge and Current Affairs:
general knowledge question will test the candidates on their general awareness and current affairs.
Maths taught up to 10th standard will be tested in this section.
4. Legal Aptitude:
Interest towards the study of law, research aptitude, and problem-solving will be tested in this section.
5. Legal Reasoning:
In this section, the candidates the candidates’ legal reasoning will be tested. They will be given with some situations and asked to assume they are true and then act upon them. These help in identifying that how the student will handle a legal situation how will they react in times of emergency, which lawyers need to do often.
SUBJECTS/SECTIONS NO. OF QUESTIONS
1. English/Verbal Ability 40
2. Mathematics/Quantitative Aptitude 20
3. Logical Reasoning 40
4. General Awareness 50
5. Legal Aptitude 50
Marking Scheme +1/-0.25
Other than CLAT, students can also take up LSAT. Some prominent private law colleges use LSAT India.
2. SET (Symbiosis Entrance Test)
-For Symbiosis Law School, Pune, SET is your gateway.
Symbiosis, Noida and Symbiosis Hyderabad too have started law courses recently.
-Also, AILET is the entrance test conducted by NLU, Delhi. Delhi does not accept students on the basis of CLAT exam. They conduct their own test, and on the basis of that, students are accepted.
Faculty of Law, Delhi University is an excellent option for those wanting to do the 3-year law course after graduation, it’s a whole different section with a very good programme.
LSAT is the Law School Admission Test, is a pen-paper exam which is conducted all over India by Law School Admission Council (LSAC). This test is conducted to shortlist aspirants for institutions on postgraduate level.
The syllabus for LSAT includes:
1. Logical Reasoning:
In this section the ability of the students to critically evaluate, analyse and complete arguments which are given in general
2. Reading comprehension:
In this section, the ability of reading and writing of the students is tested. It tests the understanding ability of the
students. This section is the most common section in every paper. Exists in every paper on every stage.
3. Analytical Reasoning:
The questions about relationships of people are given in this section. From the clues given in the question, the students have
to make out the relationship.
5. AIL(Army Institute of LAW) Entrance Test –
As the name suggests the test is conducted by the Army Institute of Law. The test is conducted to shortlist aspirants for the course of BA.LLB(Hons) for the same college. Army Institute of Law is affiliated to Punjab University.
Different sections have different topics:
1. General Knowledge
a. Current affairs
e. General Awareness
2. Mental Reasoning
b. Venn Diagrams
d. Series Completion
3. General English
a. Reading Comprehension
b. Grammar, Editing, Omission, Filling the Blanks
4. Law Aptitude
a. Law and judiciary
b. Current affairs about legal facts
c. Legal awareness
6. Banaras Hindu University Law Entrance –
Banaras Hindu college conducts exam for the course of LLB(Hons), this is the bachelor of law and BA.LLB(Hons). There is a total of 230 seats for LLB and 30-60 seats for BA.LLB.
1. General Knowledge
2. Legal Knowledge
7. Aligarh Muslim University Law Entrance-
Aligarh Muslim Law University conducts entrance exam for candidates seeking Graduate and Post-Graduate courses.
Questions in this section will mainly be from topics such as grammar, reading comprehension, synonyms, antonyms, vocabulary,
2. General Knowledge/ Current Affairs
Questions in this section will be based on legal issues in India, informs the official website. Besides, other questions can
be based on topics such as current affairs in India, eminent personalities, awards, etc.
3. Reasoning & Aptitude
This section can include questions on topics such as critical reasoning, analogy, blood relations, series, etc.
8. Allahabad University Law Entrance
Allahabad University conducts Law Admission Test (LAT) in order to offer admission to aspirants in three year LLB programme offered by it.
Contains the same sections that all other universities hold.
TYPES OF LAWYERS
The law is so vast that it is nearly impossible for a single person to have knowledge of everything, and to effectively provide legal services across each different area of law. Moreover, much like doctors who focus on specific areas to specialize in, lawyers too specialize in certain sections. In the same way, people go to different doctors from different sections of diseases, they go to different lawyers too.
- Criminal Defense Lawyer
- CORPORATE LAWYERS
- EMPLOYER AND LABOUR LAWYER
- MERGERS AND ACQUISITIONS LAWYERS
- INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LAWYERS
- FAMILY LAWYERS
- REAL ESTATE LAWYERS
- Legal Malpractice or Professional Responsibility Lawyer
- IMMIGRATION LAWYERS
Every law graduate has to take up an exam in India called an All India Bar Exam. It is a qualification exam which makes the law graduate eligible to practice law in India.
Also, it is an Open Book exam and is very easy. But, still, almost 30% of the students fail the bar exam. However, this just proves that the quality of education in India is very low.