Career options for biology students apart from Medical

Students who choose biology as one of their subjects in 10+2 often do so keeping in mind medical field as one of the prime options. Apart from medical, there are multiple very good alternate career options for biology students to get a bright career. So before choosing a career path one must

research all the options thoroughly and then take a suitable decision. This post primarily focusses on the various fields apart from Medical in case if you want to read different courses apart from medical read here. Below is the brief description of each field:-



It is the branch of science that explores the chemical processes within and related to living organisms. It is a laboratory-based science that brings together biology and chemistry. By using chemical knowledge and techniques, biochemists can understand and solve biological problems.

What do biochemists do?

Provide new ideas and experiments to understand how life works
Support our understanding of health and disease
Contribute innovative information to the technology revolution
Work alongside chemists, physicists, healthcare professionals, policymakers, engineers and many more

What is the work profile of Biochemists?

Biochemists work in many places, including:
Food institutes
Forensic crime research
Drug discovery and development

For detailed understanding, you can refer



The Office of Technology Assessment of the U.S. Congress defines biotechnology as “any technique that uses living organisms or their products to make or modify a product, to improve plants or animals, or to develop microorganisms for specific uses.”

What do biotechnologists do?

Bio Technologist can be employed in pharmaceutical companies, chemical, food processing, agriculture and allied industries. Bio-Tech Engineers can find the opportunities in any of the following categories
Bio-Instrumentation Engineer in the medical instruments manufacturing/maintenance firms
Clinical Engineer in the hospitals, deal with the develop and maintain computer database of medical instruments and equipment record
As Orthopedic Bio-Engineer, responsible for the design and development of artificial joints
Genetic Engineer, in the pharmaceutical & bio-medical companies
Research scientists or assistants in the Research laboratories working in the area of pharmaceutical, genetic engineering & food processing

What is the job profile of Biotechnologists?

Biotechnologists work in many places, including:
Research and development (which includes research and development, laboratory support and technician jobs),
Manufacturing and services,
Quality and regulatory affairs,
Sales and technical support and
Administration and management.



Microbiology is the study of organisms, most of which are too small(unicellular, multicellular, acellular)to be seen with the naked eye, including bacteria, algae, protozoa, and fungi, as well as acellular agents, such as viruses and prions.

What does microbiologists do?

They work in many places, from labs in universities, research institutes and industrial companies, to investigating microbes in fieldwork. However, knowledge of microbiology is not just important for these careers. Microbiologists can also use their knowledge and skills in a wide range of careers in industry (marketing, technical support and regulatory affairs) education (teaching, museums and science centres), business (patent attorney or accountant) and communications (public relations, journalism and publishing) source

What is the job profile of microbiologists?

Microbiologists work in many places, including:
Environment and climate change
Agriculture and food security

Agriculture Science

Agriculture Science
Agriculture Science

Agricultural science is a broad multidisciplinary field of biology that encompasses the parts of exact, natural, economic and social sciences that are used in the practice and understanding of agriculture.

What does agriculture scientists do?

Agricultural and Food Scientists conduct experiments and analyze data about crops and food production methods. These scientists may also use their findings to create new and innovative ways to increase agricultural output or improve the quality of our food supply. Sometimes this work involves travelling to farms and other specific sites to obtain samples. They must then communicate their findings and prospective solutions to other members of the scientific community and sometimes policy-makers as well. More experienced Agricultural and Food Scientists may lead and coordinate an entire team of researchers. source

What is the job profile of agriculture scientist?

Agricultural Biotechnologist,
Agricultural Entomologist,
Agricultural Microbiologist,
Animal Scientist,
Soil Scientist



Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing and dispensing drugs. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs.source wikipedia

What does pharmacist do?

Pharmacists are medication experts who use their detailed knowledge of medicines to help patients get well. The methods they use vary from one practice setting to the next, but general pharmacist responsibilities include:

Dispensing medications, assuring the safety and appropriateness of the prescribed therapy
Monitoring patient health and progress to achieve the best medication results
Partnering with consumers and patients to provide education and advice on the use of prescription and over-the-counter medications
Collaborating with physicians, nurses, and other members of the healthcare team to provide expertise on drug decisions and improve patient outcomes
Providing knowledge about the composition of drugs based upon their chemical, biological, and physical properties, as well as their manufacture and use
Safeguarding drug purity and strength. source University of Michigan

What is their job profile?

Pharmacists work in many places, including:
Pharmacy, hospitals, healthcare facilities, Armed Services, public health service, veterans administration, government sector, pharmaceutical sales and marketing, drug research and development, Pharmacy depts. in universities etc.

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