Paramedical Healthcare – list of paramedical courses after 12th

Paramedical Courses are concerned with emergency medical services or healthcare required in the pre-hospital environment. A Paramedic is a person who practices in the paramedical field. As an emergency medical technician, the paramedic enjoys a high degree of responsibility and autonomy. The role of a paramedic differs across countries. In some countries, there is greater autonomy and they are granted a license to work independently. Whereas in some places, a paramedic is supposed to function under a doctor.

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Why Paramedical Courses

According to W.T.O report, every thousand people need one doctor and in turn, every one doctor needs at least eight Paramedic. Paramedical science goes parallel with medical science in healthcare. With the development of the medical field and mechanization of equipment, Paramedic professionals have gained importance and demand.
Paramedical courses come to the rescue of those students who could not make through tough competition in medical courses like MBBS, BDS, B.V.SC, BAMS. Paramedical courses offer good jobs in the allied healthcare profession. Paramedic basically works in areas like – therapeutic, diagnostics, patient care and observation etc. Paramedics play a significant role in the efficient functioning of the medical and healthcare system. They are responsible and accountable for patient security and utmost care. In India, there are many colleges that provide paramedical courses.

Some of the top Paramedical colleges in India are:

I. All India Institute Of Medical Sciences [AIIMS].
II. Christian Medical College [CMC]. – Paramedical Course
III. Armed Forces Medical College [AFMC]. – Paramedical Course
IV. Maulana Azad Medical College [MAMC]. – Paramedical Course
V. Jawaharlal Institute Of Post Graduate Medical Education And Research [JIPMER]. – Paramedical Course
VI. Lady Hardinge Medical College [LHMC]. – Paramedical Course
VII. St. Xavier’s College
VIII. Grant Medical College [GMC].  – Paramedical Course
IX. Madras Medical College [MMC]. – Paramedical Course
X. JSS Academy Of Higher Education And Research [JSS University].
XI. Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University [GGSIPU].
XII. King George’s Medical University [KGMU].
XIII. Shri Ramachandra University.
XIV. Seth GS Medical College [SGSMC]. – Paramedical Course
XV. Mahatma Gandhi Institute Of Medical Sciences [MGIMS].

The paramedical courses are available in three formats:

  • I. Bachelor’s Degree Courses
  • II. Diploma Certificate Courses
  • III. Certificate Courses

Students can select degree according to their career ambition and goal.

List of paramedical courses after 12th to become a Paramedic :

I. Bachelor Of Occupational Therapy:

Occupational Therapy is the process of rehabilitation of patients suffering from functional disabilities. It includes patients suffering from physical ailments, physical discomfort, mental or emotional illness, developmental disorders etc. An occupational therapist is supposed to work directly with the patient just like a physiotherapist. It involves exercises and moves that bring sensory and motor perceptions back to normal. The technique involves providing training to those with physical limitations in dealing well with their disability and able to perform daily requirements. For those aspiring to become occupational therapists, must have the ability to demonstrate and teach the patients exercises and feel empathetic with them. The salary of an occupational therapist though varies but on an average earns INR 8500 to INR 11500 for graduates. With experience, there is an increment in salary. After pursuing masters degree one can opt for a teaching job as well in this field.

There are many reputed institutes that provide bachelors and masters degree in occupational therapy. Some of them are:
  • 1. Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital
  • 2. Christian Medical College, Thorapudi .O. Vellore (Tamil Nadu)
  • 3. Manipal College Of Allied Health Sciences
  • 4. K.M.C.H. College Of Occupational Therapy
  • 5. Occupational Therapy Training School

II. B.SC In Radiography:

Radiography is a paramedical course that trains the individuals in performing X-rays, CT scans, MRI, etc in diagnostic centres for various healthcare issues. Radiography as the word itself suggests implies to taking photographs of internal organs. The demand for Radiographers has increased due to innovations in medical technology. The job profile of a radiograph is really promising in healthcare  field.
Eligibility – The eligibility criteria for pursuing in radiography is 10+2 in (p/c/m) or (p/c/b). It’s a three-year course. However, one-year certificate courses are also available after 10+2.
Salary – The salary of a fresher in India ranges from average rs7000 to rs10000 per month. In private hospitals, the pay is higher. The Gulf countries pay on an average rs 30,000 to rs50000 per month.

Some institutes for B. Sc in radiography are:
  • 1. All India Institute of Medical Sciences
  • 2. Rajiv Gandhi University Of Health Sciences
  • 3. Tata Memorial Centre
  • 4. TCR Institute Of Material Technology
  • 5. Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research

III. Audiology And Speech Therapy careers:

Audiology is the study of hearing and speech impairments. Audiologists perform hearing and speech research, aid in using hearing devices and use of new innovations in audiology field. In audiology segment following degrees are available:

    • B.Sc (Speech and Hearing)
    • M.Sc (Audiology)
    • M.Sc ( Speech-Language Pathology)
    • Diploma in Hearing Aid and Earmould Technology
    • Certificate courses in communication disorders

Eligibility-The eligibility for diploma programs in audiology is 10+2 in science stream, for bachelors program is also 10+2 in science stream, for the postgraduate program is graduate in the respective field of audiology.
Salary-The average salary of a fresher in this field ranges from rs5000 to rs7000 per month. Graduates in audiology get jobs in teaching professions or in health establishments as well. Depending upon the degree earned, audiology professionals can open their own venture and start professional practice. There is wide scope in audiology career as there is great demand for the good professional audiologist and the supply is comparatively less.

Some of the reputed audiology institutes are:
      • 1. All India Institute Of Speech And Hearing, Mysore
      • 2. Dr S.R. Chandrasekhar Institute of Speech & Hearing, Bangalore
      • 3. National Institute Of Speech &Hearing, Thiruvananthapuram
      • 4. Sri Ramachandra Medical College & Research Institute, Chennai
      • 5. Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped, Mumbai.

IV. Bachelor of Naturopathy and Yogic Sciences:

Naturopathy involves self-healing and self-cleansing of the body. It focuses on detoxification of the body and increasing the immunity of the body. For a healthy body and mind, the naturopathy experts suggest healthy eating, exercise and meditation. For people who have good communication skills and can work closely with patients pursuing In naturopathy and yogic science is a good option.
Eligibility – Eligibility for students who want to pursue this course is 10+2 in science( physics/ chemistry/ biology) and an aggregate 45%.
Naturopathy is practised along with homoeopathy, acupuncture etc.
It is a four and a half year program with a one-year internship that follows. More than a half of curriculum is same as MBBS.
Pay and Perks – The pay for a beginner ranges from rs20,000 to rs25000 per month and increases over years.

Some reputed colleges for naturopathy course are:
    • 1. Government Naturopathic Medical College, Hyderabad
    • 2. S.D.M. College of Naturopathy and Yogic Sciences, Karnataka
    • 3. JSS Institute, Chennai

V. Bachelor Of Physiotherapy:

For patients suffering from functional disabilities, physiotherapy treatment is very effective. A physiotherapist is trained to bring back movement in those body parts that have become physiologically dysfunctional. It requires great interpersonal skill to deal with the patients as physiotherapy is all about exercise and stimulating specific pressure points.
It is a four-year course followed by six months internship.
Eligibility – The eligibility criteria is 10+2 in science stream with aggregate 45 to 50%.
The entrance exam is mist for every student and it varies from institution to institution.

Some reputed colleges of physiotherapy are:
      • 1. Apollo College of Physiotherapy, Hyderabad
      • 2. Indian Institute of Health Education and Research, Patna
      • 3. Institute of Physically Handicapped, New Delhi
      • 4. Government Medical College, Nagpur
      • 5. JSS College of Physiotherapy, Mysore.

Paramedical professionals are high in demand due to upgradation of medical field and advancement in technology. These courses offer good career prospects to students aspiring to get onto the medical field.

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