Paramilitary Forces – details, ranks, career

Paramilitary Forces
Paramilitary Forces

India is a vast country in its origin, and a country this big is bound to have a massive population, and handling of it can become a task a little too difficult. While military serves and protects the country on the borders, paramilitary forces protect the internal security of the country, but it can also be on the borders just like the military. Confused? Let us start from the top, cover the basics and then get into the complexities.

Also read: Options after 10th standard: Everything you need to know

What is the meaning of Paramilitary Forces?

Paramilitary Forces or a paramilitary organization is a semi-military force, which works and functions like the professional military but is not included as a part of state’s formal armed forces. Although in times of emergency, the Government may use them and give them status as equivalent to the military, but in natural circumstances, paramilitary forces, just ensure the protection of the people from the inside of the country, and yes on the borders too, for supporting the military forces.

Apart from doing all this, paramilitary forces also ensure peacefulness in areas who are internally disturbed, they employ local people in the forces who understand the situation and could emphasize with the other locals. They ensure safety from terrorists and Maoists, ensure peaceful conduction of elections, and help the police in settling any large scale upsurge that breaks down.

The Paramilitary forces in India

There are 8 in total paramilitary forces in India, namely, Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB), Border Security Forces (BSF), National Security Guards (NSG), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Assam Rifles (AR), with Assam Rifles being the oldest one.
But, what do these forces do differently? Let’s start with the oldest and discover it.

1. Assam Rifles:

Assam Rifles is the oldest paramilitary, raised in 1835, originally named as Cachar Levy. There are almost 46 battalions of The Assam Rifles under the Ministry of Home Affairs. Their main job is to counter-insurgency and holds border security operation in the North Eastern regions of the country, they are also guarding the Indo-Myanmar order since 2002. it is headquartered in Laitkor, Shillong. Although it functions under Ministry of Defense, its control of administration is under Ministry of Home Affairs.

Ranks in Assam Rifles are:
1. Director General (Army officer on deputation)
2. Inspector General (Army officer on deputation)
3. Deputy Inspector General (Army officer on deputation)
4. Commandant (Army Officer on deputation)
5. Second in Command
6. Deputy Commandant
7. Assistant Commandant

2. BSF (Border Security Force):

BSF is the border security guarding force of India and was formed after the 1965 Indo-Pakistan war, to ensure border security. But its work’s not just that, but also preventing transnational crimes like illegal drug dealing, human trafficking, etc. It functions under the Ministry of Home Affairs and is currently the largest security force in the world.
Ranks in BSF
1. Director General (Apex Scale of the Indian Police Service)
2. Special Director General
3. Additional Director General
4. Inspector General
5. Deputy Inspector General
6. Commandant
7. Second-In-Command
8. Deputy Commandant
9. Assistant Commandant

 

3. Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF):

CRPF came into existence after the Indo-Pakistan war in 1965, and then the BSF was founded and the border was given to BSF. It looks after the internal security of India, almost of every part of it. It counters naxal operations, police operations and several other things too. In 2002 Parliament attacks too CRPF took charge and caught the terrorists, who caused a lot of damage.
Ranks of CRPF-
1. Director General (Apex Scale of the Indian Police Service)
2. Special Director General (HAG+ Scale of the Indian Police Service)
3. Additional Director General (HAG Scale of the Indian Police Service, also available to BSF cadre)
4. Inspector General (IG)
5. Deputy Inspector General (DIG)
6. Commandant (CO)
7. Second In Command (2IC)
8. Deputy Commandant (DC)
9. Assistant Commandant (AC): Group A Gazetted Officer

 

4. National Security Guard( NSG):

The national security guard comes under Indian special security forces, forms after the assassination of Indira Gandhi, and the blue star operation, in the year 1984. They are specially trained for combatting terrorists, and protect the state under internal breakdowns. It comes under the jurisdiction of Ministry of Home Affairs. It also handles VIP security. They are often called the Black Cats because of their uniform, which consists of a Black dress.
Ranks for NSG are:

• Director-General. (Lieutenant-General)
• Additional Director-General. (Lieutenant-General)
• Inspector-General. (Major-General)
• Deputy Inspector-General. (Brigadier)
• Group Commander. (Colonel)
• Team Commander. (Major/Capt)
• Assistant Commander Grade I. (Subedar Major)
• Assistant Commander Grade II. (Subedar)
• Assistant Commander Grade III. (Naib Subedar)
• Ranger Grade I.
• Ranger Grade II.

5. Indo-Tibetian Border Police (ITBP):

ITBP was raised under the CRPF Act after the Indo-Chinese war in 1962. It works in the Northern borders of the country and protects the border, and make the locals feel safe. Just like the BSF, it also prevents transnational crimes, like drug and human trafficking, and smuggling. It is one of the five Central Armed Forces of India. They have also been trained in Disaster Management (nuclear, chemical, and natural) to provide aid in the places where it’s difficult to go in a crisis.

 

6. Central Industrial Security Force (CISF):

They provide security to the public sector undertakings (PSU’s) of the country. It was found in 1969. It works directly under Ministry of Home Affairs and is headquartered in New Delhi.
Ranks for CSIF are:
1. Director General (Apex Scale of the Indian Police Service)
2. Additional Director General (Higher Administrative Grade of the IPS cadre, also available to BSF cadre)
3. Inspector General (IG)
4. Deputy Inspector General (DIG)
5. Commandant (Comdt)
6. Deputy Commandant (Dy Comdt)
7. Assistant Commandant (Asst Comdt)

 

7. Shashastra Seema Bal (SSB):

it was established in 1963 and works on the Indo-Nepalian and Indo-Bhutanian borders. It aslo comes under the direct administration of Ministry of Home Affairs.
Ranks in SSB are:
1.Gazetted Officers
1. Director-General
2. Special Director
3. Additional Director-General
4. Inspector-General
5. Deputy Inspector-General
6. Commandant
7. Second-in-Command
8. Deputy Commandant
2.Non-Gazetted Officers
9. Assistant Commandant
10. Inspector
11. Sub-Inspector
12. Assistant Sub-Inspector
13. Head Constable
14. Constable
15. Tradesmen
3.SSB Executive Service Officers

1. Divisional Organiser-This rank does not exist in SSB now.
2. Area Organiser equivalent to the rank of Commandant in the combat wing
3. Joint Area Organiser equivalent to the Deputy Commandant in the combat wing
4. Sub-Area Organiser equivalent to the Assistant Commandant in combat wing.
5. Circle Organiser
Non-Gazetted Officers
6. Field Officer (Medical, Communication and General)
7. Deputy Field Officer (Medical, Veterinary, Communication and General)
8. Assistant Field Officer (Medical, Veterinary, Communication and General)
9. Senior Field Assistant (Medical, Veterinary, Communication and General)
10. Field Assistant (Medical, Veterinary, Communication and General)
11. Peons

8. India Cost Guard (ICG):

ICG was founded in the year 1978 by the Coast Guard Act, and it operates under the Ministry of Defense. It protects the India coasts and the Indian maritime interests and enforces the law over the territorial waters of India.
Ranks in ICG are:
1. Director-General (An Indian Coast Guard Officer or Vice Admiral {FOC-in-C’s Scale} on deputation from Indian Navy)
2. Special Director-General (HAG+ Scale)
3. Additional Director-General (HAG Scale)
4. Inspector-General
5. Deputy Inspector-General
6. Commandant
7. Commandant (Junior Grade)
8. Deputy Commandant
9. Assistant Commandant (Two-year service)
10. Assistant Commandant

In November, the Ministry of Home Affairs gave a nod to calling the jawans who died on the line of duty in paramilitary forces, a martyr.

A career in Paramilitary Forces

A career in defence forces in India is one of the most prestigious and respected positions in the country. It is also the most sort -after job in the whole nation. It is a job of excitement, challenges, adventure, and also gives the thrill and the proud feeling of doing something for the country. If you are one who would want their life of discipline, respect, power, with fun and excitement, all your professional expectation will be met here.

For recruitment of paramilitary forces, one can enter the UPSC exams, graduating in any stream or after completing their senior secondary education. Now, even women are allowed to give the exams and get recruited in the Paramilitary Forces, but just for CISF and CRPF.

The recruits should pass the UPSC exams with a minimum score requirement. The papers include basics like reasoning, numerical ability, English, basic intelligence, IQ, and also general awareness. First, there will be preliminary exams and then there will be mains exam and then after that, there will be a medical exam. A candidate appearing for exams should be 20-25 years of age. The salaries range from 5000-120000 depending on the position you’re holding in the force. NCC candidates can also apply as preference is given to them.

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